Author : Dyah Wahyuningsih(1) , Mukhadiono(2) Widyo Subagyo, (3) Munayarokh (4)
Schizophrenia isdivided personality such as thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Individuals with schizophrenia disorder show an increased risk of violent behavior. One type of cognitive therapy that could be applied to violent clients is Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT). REBT is a method for understanding and coping with emotions and behaviour in violent clients. The research objective is to determine the effect of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) on coping and aggressivenessin violent patients. The research design was "Quasy experimental pre posttest with control group". The research population was all patients with violent behaviour treated at Bungkel Psychiatric and Drug Rehabilitation Center who met the criteria. The research subjects were taken by total sampling technique with total 60 patients divided by 30 patients in intervention group and 30 patients in control group. The intervention group was given treatment of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT). The effect of REBT on aggressiveness was tested by paired t test. The effect of REBT on coping was tested by using Mc.Nemar Test. The result showed that there is a significant difference in aggressiveness score before and after treatment in intervention group withp value 0.000 (<0.05) and in control group withp value 0.037 (<0.05). There is also a notable contrast in mean difference between the intervention and control groups with p value 0.000 (<0.05). Furthermore, there is a significant difference in coping changes in violent patients in the intervention group who received REBT (p value 0.000 <0.05). In contrast, the control group shows no significant difference in coping changes before and after (p value 0.062> 0.05).
Dr. Arend L Mapanawang, Sp.PD, FINASIM, PhD