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IDENTIFICATION OF CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS ON HALMAHERA RED FRUIT (Trichosanthes quinquangulata A. Gray) USING CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROSCOPY (GC-MS) GAS METHOD

Author : Astuti Lalatang*, Frangkie Mapanawang , Andi W. Baba, Silvister Wungow

Abstract

Background: Plants play an important role in the environment by supporting all types of biological life forms. Plants also play a promising role in the treatment of disease. One such plant species is Trichosanthes. Research Objectives: identification of chemical compounds in the red fruit of Halmahera (Trichosanthes quinquangulata A. Gray) using the GC-MS (Gas Chromatography-Massa Spectrometry) method. Type of Research: This type of research is experimental research with a laboratory scale. Based on the results of the GC-MS analysis that has been carried out, it can be concluded as follows: The ethanol extract of Halmahera red fruit contains chemical compounds of fatty acids, steroids and flavonoids The ethanol extract of Halmahera red fruit contains 7 compounds of the fatty acid group, namely Tetradecanoic acid, ethyl ester (1.36%); Ethyl 9-hexadecenoate (5.68%); Hexadecanoic acid, ethyl ester (25.52%); Hexadecanoic acid, ethyl ester (1.24%); Hexadecanoic acid, ethyl ester (1.17%); Ethyl linolenate (38.23%); Octadecanoic acid, ethyl ester (15.23%); the steroid group is Chondrillastero (2.16%) and the flavanoid group is Ergost-7-en-3-ol, (3, beta) (1.24%).

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