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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE AND PARENTS’ ATTITUDE WITH ARI INCIDENT IN CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEAR AT PITU COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTRE MIDDLE TOBELO DISTRICT, NORTH HALMAHERA REGENCY.

Author : Sumiati Hingaro*, Sarah G. Mapanawang, Maykel Killing

Abstract

ARI is one of the major causes of morbidity in infants in developing countries, including in Indonesia. Incidence of respiratory infection in infants can be affected by several factors such as environment at home, parental knowledge factor of ARI. A good knowledge of parents is expected to reduce the incidence of respiratory infection in infants, as well as a healthy environment can reduce the incidence of respiratory infection in infants. The purpose of this research was to determine the relationship between parental knowledge about the incidence of ARI in infants in the working area of Pitu Community Health Centre, Middle Tobelo District. The research method used was correlative Descriptive. The samples were 30 parents who have babies in the working area of Pitu Community Health Centre, Middle Tobelo District with a sampling technique using proportional random sampling of data obtained from a questionnaire study of knowledge about the incidence of ARI and ARI questionnaire. Data analysis was performed by using Chi Square test. The results showed 16 respondents (53,3%) had a good knowledge of ARI, 16 respondents (53,3%) had sufficient knowledge, and 6 respondents (20,0%) have less knowledge. There were 14 infant respondents (46,7%) had respiratory infections while 10 other infant respondents (33,3%) experienced no incidence of ARI. The results of Chi Square test statistic 30 respondents (100%) = 0.003 and the attitude with incidence of ARI =0,001. The conclusion of the study had shown that there is a relationship between parental knowledge about ARI and the incidence of ARI in infants in working area of Pitu Community Health Centre, Middle Tobelo District. . Key word : knowledge, ARI incident, Infant

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