Author : Yohana L. Katiandagho*, Arend L. Mapanawang, Nova M. Wulur, Silvister Wungow , Feiby Umboh, Frangkie Mapanawang
Background: Anemia is a condition when hemoglobin in the blood is less than 10 mg / dl. Anemia during pregnancy can pose various risks of health problems and can even endanger the lives of mothers and babies. The anemia rate in Indonesia in 2018 reached 48.9% and there are still many pregnant women who have anemia in North Halmahera Regency, as many as 355 people in 2018. One strategic step to overcome the problem of anemia is by developing traditional medicines that can improve hemoglobin level is Gedi leaf (Abelmoschusmanihot IL Medik). Objective: to determine the effect of Gedi leaf boiled water on pregnant women with mild anemia in Mahia Village.
This type of research is Quasy Experiment with the design designs used are pretest and posttest with control group design. The population in this study were all pregnant women with mild anemia as many as 6 people in which pregnant women were divided into two groups consisting of 3 pregnant women intervention group who were given boiled red spinach leaf water and 3 pregnant women as a control group given Fe tab sampling techniques with using a total sampling of 6 pregnant women with mild anemia.
Research Results: the average mean value of Hb levels in the intervention group before treatment was 9.8 gr / dl, and after treatment that was 10.2 gr / dl, the increase in Hb levels of pregnant women who were given Water Decoction Of The Gedi Leaves 2 times a day which is an average of 0.4 gr / dl. Whereas in the control group the average value of Hb levels before treatment was 10.0 gr / dl, and after treatment or administration of Fe tablets once a day which was 10.1 gr / dl, the increase in Hb levels of pregnant women who consumed Fe tablets was an average of 0.1 gr / dl. The results of the analysis test with the T-Test obtained a value (p value) of 0.008
Dr. Arend L Mapanawang, Sp.PD, FINASIM, PhD