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KNOWLEDGE AND PERCEPTION OF PASSIVE SMOKING EXPOSURE EFFECT ON CHILDREN OF A DEVELOPING COUNTRY

Author : Rishad Choudhury Robin (MPH)*, Narongsak Noosorn (PhD)

Abstract

Aim: The objective of the study was to find out the knowledge and perception of passive smoking exposure effects on children in the rural communities of Bangladesh. Methods: A cross-sectional study has been conducted through a self-administrative questionnaire from six villages of Munshigonj district of Bangladesh. A multistage sampling method was used to select the sample. A total of 410 both smokers and non-smokers adult males and females participated in the study. Descriptive statistics were used to describe basic socio-demographic characteristics. Knowledge was analyzed and presented by frequencies and percentages and using a Chi-square test to compare the proportion of correct knowledge. Assessment of perception was carried out by percentages, frequencies and, using a Chi-square test. The overall score for each item was presented by means and standard deviations. All analyses were performed at a 5% level of statistical significance. Results: Among Knowledge items, 4 variables include exposer of healthy child on tobacco smoke does not have any effect (0.019), tobacco smoke exposure causes cancer (0.048), little exposure has no harm to a child (0.045) and public smoking is ban in Bangladesh (0.006) showed a significant difference with exposure of passive smoking whereas, for perception, one variable indicate law on smoking banning inside home (0.041) was found significant difference with exposure of passive smoking. Conclusion: An appropriate intervention needs to be implemented further which will help to reduce the exposure rate of passive smoking among children.

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