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APPLICATION OF PSYCHEDUCATION IN BEHAVIOR CHANGE INTERVENTION (BCI) HIV / AIDS PREVENTION MEASURES IN STREET CHILDREN IN SEMARANG CITY

Author : Tri Wiji Lestari, Sugih Wijayati, Ramelan Sugijana

Abstract

HIV / AIDS has now become a global problem, including in Indonesia. Street children are one of the vulnerable groups infected with HIV / AIDS. The high number of HIV / AIDS infections in street children is motivated by the tendency of low knowledge about HIV / AIDS. Besides street children also have behaviors that are at risk of being infected with HIV / AIDS such as promiscuity, and the use of drugs, injections, tattoos, and piercings. Efforts to prevent HIV / AIDS that can be done is the provision of psychoeducation. This study aims to determine the application of psychoeducation in Behavior Change Intervention (BCI) as an effort to prevent the transmission of HIV / AIDS in street children in the city of Semarang. The design of this study uses an experimental Quasy withdesigns pre-test and post-test non equivalent control group design. The sampling technique uses random sampling with a number of respondents as 63 street children in the city of Semarang. The results of this study indicate that there is an effect of the application of psychoeducation to knowledge and attitudes in HIV / AIDS prevention (p value , 000.005), but the application of psychoeducation does not affect HIV / AIDS prevention behavior (p value <0.005). This proves that the application of psychoeducation can improve BCI, especially in the aspects of knowledge and attitudes in HIV / AIDS prevention. This intervention can be used as a new alternative in the prevention of HIV / AIDS, especially in street children.

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