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A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF LIFESTYLE MODIFICATIONS IN THE MANAGEMENT OF HYPERTENSION

Author : Elmer G. Organia, Hamdoni K. Pangandaman*, Dacilo M. Adap Jr., Joy Hope C. Lambayong, Nursidar P. Mukattil, Raquel D. Macarambon, Alibasher D. Macalnas, Aznida A. Alauya-Dica, Jonaid M. Sadang, Paulo Carl G. Mejia

Abstract

Hypertension remains the greatest risk factor for stroke, coronary heart disease, heart failure, and kidney failure. This is one of the 10 leading risk factors influencing the global burden of disease, and is estimated to lead to over 7 million deaths each year, about 13% of the total deaths worldwide. Lifestyle modifications are critical components for preventing and treating hypertension. This study provides an updated and evidence-based systematic review of the effects of lifestyle modifications on the management of hypertension. The Medline, Academia, Google Scholar, Embase, PubMed, PMC, Cochrane Library, American College of Physicians (ACP), American Association of Clinical Endocrinologist (AACE) and International Journal of Hypertension (IJH) were searched for studies on hypertension and lifestyle modifications from year 2000 to present, and potentially relevant studies was identified. Nineteen of 51,063 retrieved studies met the inclusion criteria. Overall, the studies found revealed significant decrease in the blood pressure as a result of lifestyle modifications. No predictable pattern on the change in the blood pressure readings because results vary in all lifestyle interventions, findings also revealed that lifestyle modifications result to decrease in blood pressure especially multiple interventions. It is therefore concluded that lifestyle modifications are effective in reducing the systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Key words: Lifestyle Modifications, Hypertension, Hypertensive Patients.

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