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THE BEST PRACTICES OF WOUND CARE AND HEALING AMONG PATIENTS WITH DECUBITUS ULCER AND POST-OPERATIVE INCISION: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Author : Jefferson Garcia Guerrero*, Dena Marwan Attallah, Ferninand F. Gonzales

Abstract

Objective: The intention of this systematic review is to describe and explore the existing research evidence about the best practices for wound care management. Methods: A review was conducted to determine the current literature on the chosen topic. PubMed, CINAHL, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, and DOAJ online databases or systematic engine search were utilized to obtain the research articles relevant to this systematic review. The data consisted of 28 research articles about the best practices for wound care management using inclusion and exclusion criteria. The researcher used content and thematic analysis as a qualitative approach in reviewing the articles. Data analysis was implemented from January 1, 2019 to March 25, 2019. Results: This systematic review revealed four major themes emerged in this study. Such major theme includes decubitus ulcer, post-operative incision, wound healing, and best practices in wound care. Based on the result of the systematic review, advanced knowledge and competence about wound assessment, pathophysiology, wound healing process, and wound care management is needed. Furthermore, study findings revealed that Povidone Iodine, sterile-prepared Manuka Honey and Silver Nitrate show promising benefits for wound management. Conclusion: The study concluded that adequate knowledge about decubitus ulcer, post- operation incision and wound healing is important in order to provide the best practices in wound care management. Recommendation: The researcher recommended to conduct an experimental research with a scientific approach using the best practices in wound care elicited from this study to prove its effectives and power in hastening the wound healing process. Key words: Wound Healing; Wound Care; Wound Management; Best Practices.

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