Author : Siti Rofiah*, Sri Widatiningsih, Esti Handayani, Tuti Sukini, Munayarokh, Umu Badriyah
One of the best ways for disseminating of HIV / AIDS cognition is the community-based Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) program for pregnant women. This activity should be supported by the development of methods and media of health promotion so that all of the participant will obey to do a Voluntary Counselling and Testing for HIV/AIDS. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of health promotion using peer education and film towards knowledge, attitude and behavior of VCT. The method used was pre-experimental study, with Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design. The independent variables were peer education of health promotion and film media. The dependent variables were the level of knowledge, attitudes and behavior of VCT. The research subjects were taken by purposive and sampling quota of 133 pregnant women. A questionnaire that had been tested for its validity and reliability was used. Analysis by Wilcoxon test was applied. The results showed that peer education (p value: 0.0001; the value of z = -5, 421) was more effective than the film media (p value: 0.0001; the value of z = -5, 080) in increasing knowledge. Peer education (p value: 0.0001; the value of z = -5, 815) was also more effective than the film media (p value: 0.0001; the value of z = -4.688) in changing attitudes. There was an influence to behavior as an impact of peer education (p value: 0.0001; the value of z = - 4.796) but there was no effect of film toward behavior (p = 0.083) of VCT. Peer education was the most effective method to improve knowledge, attitude, and behavior. It was suggested to the Chief of Medical Officer to develop strategy and media of health promotion about the dangers and transmition of HIV / AIDS, in coordination with all parties related to the PMTCT program and to evaluate activities of transmission of HIV / AIDS prevention regularly. Key words: HIV / AIDS, PMTCT, VCT, Health Promotion.
Dr. Arend L Mapanawang, Sp.PD, FINASIM, PhD