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ASSOCIATED ESTRADIOL LEVEL WITH RED FRUIT (Pandanus conoideus) IN MENOPAUSE WOMEN ETHNIC MELANESIA AND ETHNIC MONGOLOID IN PAPUA INDONESIA

Author : Suhartono H*, Kindangen R.V.S, Patay A, Ulaan P J, Mangayun E.I

Abstract

Introduction: Although the health benefits of Red Fruit (Pandanus conoideus) has been reported to inhibit tumor growth and kill cancer cells, provide anti-inflammatory activity and increase immune system, and believed to treat degenerative diseases, but its potential effect as non-prescribed therapy to menopause women has not been established. Objectives: The primary objective of this study is to describe the clinical effects of Red Fruit consumption to menopause women, primarily to the estrogen level. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study comparing menopause Melanesian women, a group with history of Red Fruit consumption as their daily diet, to menopause Mongoloid women, a group without long history of Red Fruit consumption. For comparison, serum estradiol level and body mass index (BMI) were collected for both groups. Subjects with metabolic disorders such as Diabetes Mellitus are excluded from the study as these medical condition could affect the serum estradiol level. Results: There is no significant difference on BMI between the two groups but the results of serum estradiol level showed the Melanesia group is higher compared to the Mongoloid group. Key words: Estrogen, Red Fruit, Menopause, Melanesia, Mongoloid.

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