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BIO-BASED CHEMICALS AND POLYMERS FROM BIOMASS OR BIOWASTE

Author : Shikha Baskar*, Rashmi, Amutha Chinnappan, and Chinnappan Baskar*

Abstract

Biomass is one of the important renewable sources for securing future energy supply, production of fine chemicals, and high value biodegradable polymers, and sustainable development. Current biomass resources comprise primarily industrial waste materials such as sawdust or pulp process wastes, hog fuel, forest residues, clean wood waste from landfills, and agricultural prunings and residues from plants such as lignocellulosic materials. Recently, efforts have been devoted to the conversion of lignocellulosic materials into fine chemicals, biopolymers, and biofuels. There has been considerable interest in the use and optimization of biodegradable polymers as an alternative to conventional synthetic polymers / plastics and other applications such as packaging, medical, agriculture, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, adhesives, lubricants, textiles, electronics, high-strength structural materials, and biomedical applications. Uttarakhand is bestowed with rich and diverse vegetation. The wide topographical variations and excellent climatic condition have gifted the state with unique and varied species of medicinal plants. The plants play a vital role in our life and their therapeutic values are well known. It has lots of natural and renewable resources. The aim of this article is to provide an overview of importance and opportunities of biomass conversion towards the sustainable development. Cellulose, lignocellulose, biopolymers, fine chemicals, biodegradable, biofuels, ionic liquids.

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