Author : Mulyadi*
Coroner Heart Disease (PJK) was disease at the coronaries artery where there was constriction or blockage at the coronaries artery that often because the process of atherosclerosis. Based on the research of Basic health in 2007, it was estimated that the death caused by heart and blood vessel diseases in the world became 20 million in 2015. Risk factor of someone with PJK was determined by two or more risk factors. Factor that could be and couldn’t be controlled such as follower diseases. The causal factors such as physical work, stress, emotional, and medical disease could be identified. The aim of this research was to identify the risk and causal factors at the PJL attack in Emergency Installation of Immanuel Hospital Bandung. This research used quantitative method with research design of analitic-corelational. Number of sample were 90 respondents, by using the data collection technique of consecutive sampling. Instrument used was GPAQ (Global Physical Activity Quetionnaairre) and DASS 21 (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale). The data analyzed by using multivariate analysis with logistic regression. The result showed that there was any relationship between the causal factor s of stress (p 0,020), anxiety (p 0,005) with the incidents of PJK attack. There was no significant relationship at the variable of risk factors: follower diseases of DM, hyper cholesterol, hyper triglyceride and hypertension. Multivariate test result showed that there was no relationship of initiate factors (p> 0,05), and at the risk factor: hyper cholesterol (p 0,010), hyper triglyceride (p 0,021). Conclusion of this research showed that stress and anxiety factors, by bivariate test, had relationship with the incident of PJK attack. According to multivariate test, there was no initiate factor that was dominant toward the incident of PJK attack. The most dominant of risk factor was hyper cholesterolemia with p 0,010 and OR 6,569. It was concluded that people with hyper cholesterolemia had risk toward the PJK incident 6,569 times compared with people without hyper cholesterolemia. Key words: Coroner Heart Disease (PJK), risk factor, initiate factor.
Dr. Arend L Mapanawang, Sp.PD, FINASIM, PhD