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HEPATITIS B GLOBAL ISSUES (EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT)

Author : Arend L. Mapanawang

Abstract

Hepatitis virus infection is a global health problem. Type of hepatitis virus is hepatitis A virus (HAV),hepatitis B virus (Viruses HBV),hepatitis C ,hepatitis D and hepatitis E (HEV). The hepatitis virus G and TT also found can be transmitted through transfusion, but never cause hepatitis. In Indonesia the hepatitis virus most caused by hepatitis A virus, Hepatitis B virus and hepatitis virus C. The three viruses can cause acute hepatitis.Where the hepatitis virus A prosentasenya most high range 39,8-68,3%. Successfully passes through the acute phase, hepatitis A will be healed,while the hepatitis B and C will develop into chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C chronic diseases with the complications of the liver or develop HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma). Epidemiology Hepatitis B Hepatitis B Virus infection (VHB) is a major health problem in the world in general and Indonesia in particular. It is estimated that a third of the world popolasi never exposed to this virus and 350-400 million diantarannya is fowl hepatitis B.1 higher prevalence obtained in developing countries,including Indonesia. In Indonesia, numbers fowl hepatitis B on healthy population is estimated to reach 4.0-20.3%, with the proportion of fowl outside Java is higher than in the Island of Java. 2.3 in genotypes,hepatitis B virus in Indonesia are mostly virus with genotypes B (66%), followed by C (26%),D (7%) and A (0.8%).4

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