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ASSOCIATION BETWEEN DIETARY HABITS AND PREHYPERTENSION AMONG INDONESIAN YOUNG ADULTS IN PROF KANDOU HOSPITAL

Author : Ribka Wowor

Abstract

Prehypertension is a warning sign, early in age which denotes the risk of hypertension later on in life. Clinical and academic challenges of medical students may have adverse effect on their lifestyle, predisposing vulnerable subjects to elevated blood pressure. This study aimed to determine the association between dietary habits and prehypertension among Indonesian young adults in Manado. This was a cross-sectional study done in 111 medical students (undergraduate and postgraduate) aged between 20-30 years, of either sex. A pre-tested questionnaire was used to elicit the details on physical activity, family history of hypertension, tobacco use, and dietary habits. According to JNC-7 guidelines, a systolic blood pressure (SBP) of 120 to 139 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of 80 to 89 mmHg is considered as prehypertension. Of the 111 medical students in the sample,22,5% showed Blood Pressure levels within the range of prehypertension. Chi-square analysis revealed that junk food consumption (OR=3,152; 95% CI=1,253-7,925; p=0,023), and soft drink consumption (OR=4,747; 95% CI=1,797-12,539; p=0,002) were the risk factors of prehypertension. Conclusion: Dietary habits were associated with the prehypertension among young adults in Manado. Key words: Dietary Habits, Prehypertension, Young Adults.

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