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PRELIMINARY STUDY OF NATURAL DYE FROM BINTARO (Cerbera manghas) FRUIT PEEL EXTRACT ON COTTON FABRIC

Author : Priyanti*, Roscha Amellia, Ardian Khairiah, Rachma Fauziah, Nur Arifin Andryansyah, Ameylinda Dwi Fransiska, Maulana Malik Assyaidin, Muhamad Hilal, dan Ade Maulana Putra

Abstract

Bintaro (Cerbera manghas) became one of ornamental plant in open green space and street edge. The fallen fruit as well as peel hasnt been used as natural dye on cotton fabric. The research aimed to observe the dyeing ability of bintaro fruit peel as natural dye and to get the best mordant concentration. Data were collected with the dipping process of cotton fabric at a various concentration of chalk mordant (70 g/10 L and 60 g/10 L), alum (70 g/10 L and 60 g/10 L), and ferrous sulphate (60 g/10 L and 50 g/10 L). The result showed that cotton fabric have light brown to brown colour. The best mordan concentration showed to F2b which the cotton fabric had already coloured by bintaro fruit peel and added allum 60 g. Based on the heaviness, cotton fabric which has been dyed with the bintaro fruit peel extract had differences among variation of fixator concentration. The Asymp. Sig. value was 0,029 (<0,05). Dyed and fixated cotton fabric should be tested for absorbing quality, sharpness and colour evenness. Key words: Bintaro Fruit Peel Extract, Fixator Variation, Natural Dye

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