Author : Kazuhiko Ishikawa*
Cellulosic biomass is the most abundant organic compound on earth. The technology for producing cellulose nanofiber and nanocrystal from cellulosic biomass is one of the key to biomass applications. Some technologies for atomizing biomass without strong acid catalysis remain to be developed. Star burst system is one of the atomizing machine using the water jet device that use high-pressure water. On the other hand, the hyperthermophilic endo-type cellulase obtained from archaea can be used for the saccharification of amorphous cellulose in biomass at high temperature. Using star burst system and the hyperthermophilic endo-type cellulase, the production of cellulose nanofiber and nanocrystals can be carried out. Key words: Biomass, Water Jet, Atomization, Nanofiber, Nanocrystal, Cellulose.
Dr. Arend L Mapanawang, Sp.PD, FINASIM, PhD