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PREVALENCE OF DEPRESSION AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH SOME OF THE DEMOGRAPHIC AND EDUCATIONAL VARIABLES AMONG THE STUDENTS OF EAST AZERBAIJAN PROVINCE OF IRAN

Author : Fariba khayyati, Asrin seyedoshohadaii*, Seyyed Nima Naleini, Asrin karimi

Abstract

Introduction/Objective: Depression is a serious illness that causes great suffering and poor performance in the workplace, school and family. Depression is the main cause of disability in the world. The aim of this study was determination of prevalence of depression and its demographic and educational related factors among the students of East Azerbaijan province of Iran. Method: This was a descriptive-analytic study of 4422 people. The data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. The Kutcher’s teens’ test have been used to measuring the level of depression and, also, the SPSS v.21 software was used to analyze its results. We used paired K tests to survey the relationship between depression and the variables of the test, and after checking the normality of the data, the Mann-Whitney test was used. The significance level of 0.05 was considered. Results: 55 % of the participants were male and the mean age of them was 15.81 years, with the standard deviation of 1.13 years. 52.3 % of the students were resident in the city and 16.1 % of them were engaged in work while they were studying. 22 % of these students (22.9 % of boys and 23 % of girls) were depressed. The depression grade showed a statistically significant the relationship with following variables: with the field of study, that was higher in the technical students (p=.0001), with the average score, that was lower in depressed students compared with others (p=.0001), also, there was a significant relationship with lesson (p=.0001), employment (p=.0001) and the way they spend leisure time (p=.0001). In this study, depression did not show any significant relationship with their age, sex, educational background, and residency conditions. Conclusion: The prevalence of depression in the students was significant and remarkable, and according to that, school-based prevention and treatment programs is recommended, specially, in the case of technical schools. Key words: Laser Photoacoustic Spectroscopy (LPAS), Acetone Gas, Diabetes Mellitus.

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