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REVIEW ON BOTANY, TRADITIONAL USES, PHYTOCHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF EUPHORBIA MICROSCIADIA BOISS

Author : Ali Nouri, Zahra Lorigooini, Majid Asadi-Samani*, Farshad Kakian

Abstract

Background: In traditional medicine, Euphorbia was used to treat inflammations, tumors, gout, back pain, sciatica, arthritis, pneumonia, intestinal parasites, gonorrhea, and skin diseases. The species of this genus that distribute in most regions worldwide studied to discover and produce effective medicines because they contain valuable active compounds. In this study, we provided available evidence regarding Euphorbia microsciadia Boiss. as one of the main species of this genus. Methods: For this purpose, we searched for relevant publications in scientific databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Scopus, local herbal encyclopedias and textbooks. Results: Certain chemical compounds, including flavonoids and terpenoids, have been isolated from E. microsciadia. Recent pharmacological investigations have demonstrated that its extracts and active compounds have a wide spectrum of pharmacological effects, such as antimicrobial, antiviral, anticancer and immunomodulatory. Conclusion: This plant has a great potential and a broad spectrum of activities for treating different illnesses. Terpenes, as the main compounds of this plant, can be considered a potent source of natural compounds for discovering anticancer drugs. Key words: Euphorbia,Phytochemicals, Ethnobotany, Therapeutics.

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