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THE EFFECT OF SPINACH CAPSULES (AMARANTHUS TRICOLOR L) TO INCREASE THE LEVEL OF HEMOGLOBIN (HB) IN PREGNANT WOMEN IN MAHIA VILLAGE CENTRAL TOBELO SUB-DISTRICT NORTH HALMAHERA REGENCY

Author : Martina Maljeti*, Arend L. Mapanawang, Martha Korompis

Abstract

According to WHO about 40% -55% of maternal mortality in developing countries is associated with low hemoglobin (Hb) from pregnant women causing anemia in pregnancy and also mostly caused by iron deficiency and acute angina, even if not rarely integrate each other. The government has been working to improve the nutrition of the community, one of which is the iron nutritional anemia suffered by pregnant women and women in general. The incidence of anemia in pregnant women in Indonesia reached 63.5%, One source of iron from vegetable materials is red spinach (amaranthus tricolor L). Objective of the study to determine the effect of red spinach capsule (Amaranthus tricolor L). To increase Hemoglobin (Hb) levels in pregnant women in Mahia Village, Tobelo Tengah Sub-district, North Halmahera Regency in 2017. Quasi experimental research. Method with one pretest-postest study group design. The population in this study were all pregnant women Trimester II (14-28 weeks) as many as 10 people I Mahia village Tobelo Subdistrict, sampling technique using total sampling that is 10 people pregnant mother with second trimester of pregnancy. Result The mean rate of Hb level before treatment is 11,210 gr%, 1 week after treatment that is 11,850 gr%, Increase Hb concentration of pregnant mother who given red spinach capsule daily 3 times for 1 week consecutively that is average 0,93 gr% . Result of analysis test with Paired Sample T-Test obtained value of meaning (p) equal to 0,000. Mean value of p <0.05. Conculcion : There is a significant effect of red spinach capsules three times a day for 1 consecutive week in pregnant women Trimester II to increase Hb level. Key words: Spinach Red, Hb level.

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