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THE EFFECTS OF ETHANOL EXTRACT AND PEPAYA LEAF WATER EXTRACT (Carica papaya Linn.) AS BIOPESTICIDES AGAINTS SOIL TERMITES (Coptotermes curvinaghtus Holmgren.)

Author : Rany Aprilia Utami, Ali Awan*, D. Rumahlatu, P. M. J. Tuapattinaya

Abstract

This study aims to examine the effect of ethanol extract concentration and the effect of long storage of papaya leaf water extract (Carica papaya Linn.) as biopesticide against soil termite (Coptotermes curvinagthus Holmgren.). The study was conducted on February 8th – 23th, 2017. The treatment of each papaya leaf extract (Carica papaya Linn.) was sprayed into termites soil (Coptotermes curvinagthus Holmgren.) with the observation time of termite mortality was 10 minutes .This study was analyzed by using One Way Anava and continued with Bonferroni. The result showed that there was effect in each extract. In papaya leaf ethanol extract (Carica papaya Linn.) with concentrations of 20%, 40% and 70% had an effect on termite soil mortality (Coptotermes curvinagthus Holmgren.). The higher the concentration of ethanol extract, the higher the number of dead termites. In papaya leaf water extract (Carica papaya Linn.) with a storage duration of 1x24, 2x24, and 3x24 hours has an influence on the mortality of termites soil (Coptotermes curvinagthus Holmgren.). The lower of shelf life of the water extract, the higher number of dead termites. Key words: Papaya Leaf Ethanol Extract (Carica papaya Linn.), Papaya Leaf Water Extract (Carica papaya Linn.), Termites Soil (Coptotermes curvinagthus Holmgren.).

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