Author : Roberto Cabu*, UK summed R. Pinontoan, Jimmy Posangi
The environment plays have an important role in influencing the health of the group community. One part of the environment that is closely related to disease transmission is a residential area or home environment. Malaria is one disease which caused by the female Anopheles mosquito and become a global health problem. In North Halmahera District, malaria disease is a public health problem and Kusurivillage have malaria cases that never runs in the last four years. Kusuri village is endemic villages with the incidence rate based on a survey of the Head Office in North Halmahera District. This study aimed to analyze the risk factors of environmental and behavioral that correlates with malaria incidence in the Kusuri Village, West Tobelo of North Halmahera District. This analytic observational study type was designed with a case control study. Populations in a total of 220persons are people living in the Kusuri Village, West Tobelo Districts of North Halmahera. The sample was taken by total sampling techniquefrom the total populationof 220 respondents. This number were divided into two groups, case and control, each numbered as many as 110 people. Primary data was collected by interview and observationwhich has been made according to the research objectives. Data is tabulated then calculate by computer program: statistical analysis bivariate through Chi-Square calculation and multivariate analysis through logistic regression. The results showed that there was no significant relationship between the pinfold variables with the incidence of malaria, there is a significant relationship between the bushes, trees, puddles of water, mosquito nets and anti mosquito with the incidence of malaria. The most dominant factor associated with the incidence of malaria is a puddle of water. This research can be concluded that environmental risk factors and behaviors related with the malaria incidence in Kusuri Village, West Tobelo of North Halmahera. The water puddle is a factor that is most at risk of malaria incidence. It is suggested for the people to pay attention for the environment around the home, especially puddles and avoiding mosquito bites by way of the use of mosquito nets and the use of anti mosquito drugs.
Dr. Arend L Mapanawang, Sp.PD, FINASIM, PhD