Author : Suhartono Hermanus*, Noviyani Sugiarto
NAPZA user was specific problem at pregnant mom. It’s prevalence was lower than the population of un-pregnant women, but it caused problem for the pregnancy and natal. According to SAMHSA data in 2011, it was reported that there were 17,6% pregnant women smoked during the pregnancy (or about one of six pregnant women), 9,4% drank the alcohol, 2,6 % drunk caused by alcohol, 0,4% drinkers, and about 5% used drug. Generally, at the women of Kaukasia race, the most used of substance were cigarette. The using of those substances were mostly in the first three semesters. 1 According to the data from National Narcotic Board (BNN) of Republic Indonesia 2011, it was known that the prevalence number of abuse the drug/narcotic and forbidden drug (marijuana, heroin, hashish, cocaine, ecstasy, and shabu) had reached 2,2% from the population total of Indonesia citizens at the age of 10-60 years old or about 3,8-4,3 million people. That number was getting increase for 0,21% compare with in 2008 (1,99%) or about 3,3 juta people.2 This prevalence was lower at the women than men for the same age. At the age of 20-29 years old, it found that the prevalence data was 1,8% at women and 7,2% at men, and group of 30-39 years old, 0,3% at the women compared with 3,2% at men.2 The prevalence of smokers in Indonesia at women was lower, at around 4,5%, although in some last year, the cigarette company tried to target the Indonesian women in branding and advertising the cigarette.3 And so the prevalence of alcohol users at the women (data in 2004) 0,34%, was lower than men 1,95%.4 Key words: Pregnancy, Napza.
Dr. Arend L Mapanawang, Sp.PD, FINASIM, PhD