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THE DESCRIPTION OF SELF ESTEEM ODHA IN POLYCLINIC OF TK.III R. W MONGISIDI HOSPITAL MANADO

Author : Jean Henry Raule

Abstract

The epidemic of HIV/AIDS, nowadays, was not only local, national problems but had been global problem in any countries included Indonesia. Based on the WHO report, showed the increasing number of HIV sufferers who got medical treatment. In 2012, there were 9,7 million people. This number became 300.000 more than one decade before (WHO, 2012). One of the deadly virus, at present, was HIV. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) was virus that could cause AIDS by attacking white blood called diseases symptom caused by the decreasing of individual’s immunity caused by HIV (Mahy & van Regenmortel, 2010). In Indonesia, since 1996, the HIV/AIDS epidemic mostly occurred at the drug users by injection. In 2010, the prevalence of panasun began decreasing meaningfully, but there the HIV cases began occurred at the housewife so that the prevention effort of spreading by Sexual Transmission (PMTS) was intensified. Those efforts were integrated in Strategy and National Action Planning 2010-2014 (integrated in RPJMN) with the key focus in 141 regencies/municipalities. In 2011, the spreading occurred at housewife there was increasing spreading from positive moms to the babies born. In 2012, it was affirmed that the overcoming of HIV/AIDS must not be separated from national priority of achieving the 6th Millennium Development Goals (MDGs-6). There were many factor influenced the behavior of HIV/AIDS sufferers such as self esteem aspect. The research of Karnirius Harefa (2012), Masri Saragih (2012), and Nursamah (2012), showed that there was any influence between self esteem and social support toward optimism of HIV/AIDS sufferers. Self esteem was personal assessment toward the achieved result by analyzing how far the behavior influenced self ideal. Stuart and Sundeen (1991), self esteem was behavior of individual value in analyzing self conformity with self ideal. .(Triyanto Endang, 2012), Self Esteem was behavior, in this context was covert behavior. Green 1996, someone’s behavior was influenced by 3 factors Predisposing, Enabling and Reinforcing. Self esteem was the whole view from individual about himself. Often times we met the HIV/AIDS sufferers with low self esteem. This was caused by the lack of support and motivation from family or society itself. Self esteem of patient with HIV/AIDS had important role in the treatments process, as stated by Stuart and Sundeen that self esteem was behavior about individual value in analyzing the conformity of self ideal. The high self esteem was rooted from self acceptance without any requisite so it hoped that the patient of HIV/AIDS with high self esteem could accept their condition without any requisite. This was qualitative research with data sampling technique by doing indept interview, in order to know and get description of Self Esteem ODHA in VCT Rumkit Tkt.III Manado, North Sulawesi. The informants in this research were ODHA who lived and worked in Manado City. The technique of determining the informants was done with scoping technique of 9 persons, and for the accuracy of information, it was done with triangulation source that was by comparing the informants’ information (cross check) between one and other information found in this research. Key words: Self Esteem ODHA.

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