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THE RISK OF PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT TOWARD INCIDENT OF MALARIA IN LAKE AREA, JAYAPURA REGENCY, PAPUA PROVINCE

Author : Abner Fritz Watofa*, Adi Heru Husodo, Sudarmadji, dan Onny Setiani

Abstract

The incidence of malaria represented serious health problem in Indonesia. In Papua province, especially in the area of Sentani Lake, the prevalence of malaria was still high. It was influenced by various physical environmental factors. The study aimed at identifying and analyzing the correlation between physical environment and the incidence of malaria in the region of Sentani Lake. It was an observational and analytic study conducted in four villages in the area of Sentani district, Jayapura, which were Yoboi/Kehiran, Hobong, Ifar Besar and Ifale. Its population was all of the residents of Sentani district and there were 200 individuals randomly drawn as samples. Data were collected using questionnaires, observation, documentation, and interviews. The data were analyzed using bivariate analysis, Chi-Square statistic test, and logistic regression. The results showed that the physical environmental factors and the incidence of malaria were significantly correlated with the Chi-Square value of 7.531 (p = 0.006 < 0.05) and the regression ratio OR of 4.132 (p = 0.009 > 0.05). The physical environmental factors, including temperature, humidity, rainfall, water condition, elevation, and living condition, had significant influence on the incidence of malaria in Sentani Lake region. Key words: Rainfall, Water, Living Condition, Temperature, Humidity And Malaria.

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